Energy and Environment Programme

Jun 3, 2015

Start Date:1 Jan 2014
End Date: n/a
Participating Countries: Open to all EDA pMS, Norway, Serbia and Switzerland
Other partners: European Commission

EDA’s Energy and Environment Programme aims to support Member States Armed Forces’ journey towards a low-carbon, sustainable future. Centred on four main themes: Data Collection & Analysis, Energy Efficiency, Alternative Energy, and Defence Sustainability, the programme identifies and builds a portfolio of activity that spans the capability, armaments and  research & technology perspectives with a view to sharing best practice and enabling collaborative activity wherever possible.

Project goals

    For the 2015 period, the programme’s outputs have been prioritised by its working group members and include the following goals:
  • Examine opportunities to reduce fuel and energy consumption on operations for sea, land and air capabilities.
  • Assess the impact of future energy policy and new technologies on military capability and develop adaptation strategies.
  • Disseminate best practice for the development of alternative energy facilities at military sites.
  • Identify areas of common interest in the energy and environmental fields that would benefit from a collaborative approach.

Detailed description of the project 

The Energy and Environment Programme is managed through its own working group consisting of national contact points from MS MODs and staff from the EUMS and EDA. Following priorities laid out within EDA’s Capability Development Plan, the Programme is designed to identify areas of common interest for European Armed Forces, to create and understand the framework for a comprehensive approach to energy management for military forces helping to define the challenges through data collection & analysis, reduce their dependency on imported fossil fuels, improve energy efficiency, integrate new energy technologies into military capabilities and to understand the cultural and management issues that exist within the military that restrict overall sustainability and resilience. Whilst energy in all its forms is a central theme, the programme aims to identify fully integrated solutions where both energy reduction and environmental impact are assessed together. The current programme portfolio builds on previous work conducted at EDA under its MILITARY GREEN initiative and includes numerous studies and working papers originating as far back as 2006.

Priorities for 2015, include deployment of a Smart Energy Camp technology demonstrator that looks to provide empirical evidence of the benefits of integrating new technologies into traditional power grids for deployed camps, development of Strategic Research Agenda for Energy Technologies with a focus on identifying dual use technology projects that might be candidates for European funding initiatives and the construction and operation of a photo-voltaic facility housed within the confines of Paphos military airbase in Cyprus, which will operate up to 5MW providing renewable power to the base and local town out to 2034. 

The working group will also focus on the use of biofuels within the military and look at how a more collaborative approach can deliver both operational and cost savings benefits. 

Looking ahead, the working group will examine how green procurement methods are used within the military and how the irreducible spare capacity of defence estates can be harnessed to generate green power through private financing initiatives. 

The overarching ethos of the working group will be to create and understand the framework for a comprehensive approach to energy management for military forces. The military only working group, works closely with partners such as NATO and the Defence Environmental Network (DEFNET) and has a close working relationship with the European Commission.

Related publications


Participating Member States

  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech
  • Germany
  • Estonia
  • Ireland
  • Greece
  • Spain
  • France
  • Croatia
  • Italy
  • Cyprus
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Hungary
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Austria
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Slovakia
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • UK