1.  The Energy Efficiency Directive

Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency. The new directive places energy efficiency at the core of the EU Energy 2020 strategy and requires Member States to further decouple energy use from economic growth. At the same time, it sets out a common framework of measures for the achievement of the EU’s headline 20% energy efficiency target (by 2020).

The directive stipulates that Member States shall set an indicative national energy efficiency target and shall report annually on their progress towards the target. 

2.  The Renewable Energy Directive

Directive 2009/28/EC12 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources was signed into law on 23rd April 2009. This Directive establishes the basis for the achievement of the EU’s previously agreed 20% renewable energy target by 2020 and sets out individually binding renewable energy targets for Member States, which will contribute to the achievement of the overall target. 

3.  Energy Performance in Buildings 

 For the 2018 revised version please see:

DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings and Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency.

For the EPBD fact-sheet please see:


For the 2010 version please see:

 EPB Directive 2010/31/EU which is available here.

4.  Energy in Transport (emissions)

Each Member State is mandated to ensure 10% of transport energy (excluding aviation and marine transport) by 2020 comes from renewable sources. Article 3 of Directive 2009/28/EC details a methodology for including the renewable component for electricity used in electric vehicles. It provides a weighting factor of 2.5 for renewable generated electricity used in transport, effectively signaling a stimulus for electric vehicles powered by renewable energy in preference to vehicles using first generation biofuels. Article 21 stipulates that the contribution of biofuels produced from wastes, residues, nonfood cellulosic material and ligno-cellulosic material be considered twice that made by other biofuels. In order to count towards the transport target, the biofuel must be verified as being sustainable, as per Articles 17 & 18 of Directive 2009/28/EC. 

5. Directive on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection

Directive 2008/114/EC contains two sectors in the remit of the Consulation Forum: energy and transport.





Treaty of Lisbon

Treaty of Lisbon, Article 194. In the context of the establishment and functioning of the internal market and with regard for the need to preserve and improve the environment, Union policy on energy shall aim, in a spirit of solidarity between Member States, to: (a) ensure the functioning of the energy market; (b) ensure security of energy supply in the Union; (c) promote energy efficiency and energy saving and the development of new and renewable forms of energy; and (d) promote the interconnection of energy networks.

Participating Member States

  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech
  • Germany
  • Estonia
  • Ireland
  • Greece
  • Spain
  • France
  • Croatia
  • Italy
  • Cyprus
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Hungary
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Austria
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Slovakia
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • UK