EDA, through its SES/SESAR Unit, is engaged in the evaluation of the implications of Single European Sky (SES) for military aviation, and in the exploitation of its potential opportunities. The overall objective is to ensure that military aviation will continue to provide and further improve, effective security and defence in Europe in the changing context of the civil aviation sector, without prejudice to the safety of civil aitraffic. This requires the right set of instruments and processes, to be implemented through a proactive approach. To this end, the EDA SES Military Aviation Board (ESMAB) ensures that there is a solid consultation with Member States and that a strategic long-term vision of SES for the military is developed and maintained over time.
EDA SES Miliary Aviation Board (ESMAB)
The ESMAB was created according to the Modalities for Single European Sky approved by the EDA Steering Board on 30 September 2015. It is a response to the need for proactive coordination with States and international organizations in order to avoid any adverse impact on national and collective defence capabilities and to take the opportunity of any possible benefits for the military.
The ESMAB meets at two different levels :
The ESMAB Executive/Policy level, meeting at least once every year to monitor the day-to-day consultation process across all areas of SES; to ensure the necessary national involvement up to the appropriate decision-making level and to provide the necessary guidance and address long term vision and strategic issues.
The ESMAB Management/Expert level, meeting as required, potentially at short notice, to refine and finalise common military positions and elaborate related supporting documentation and deliverables in due time, as well as to conduct day-to-day monitoring of the consultation process across all areas of SES.
The Military Aviation Strategy (MAS) and the Military Aviation Action Plan (MAAP)
To promote improved awareness on the need to pursue a coordinated civil-military approach in the context of Single European Sky, the ESMAB has adopted a Military Aviation Strategy, which reflects a common military position on military aviation as an integral part of the air traffic in Europe. The “Military Aviation Strategy in the context of SES” (MAS), its implementation plan (MASIP) and the “Military Aviation Action Plan” (MAAP) constitute a complete set of documents aiming at steering EDA SES-related work for the coming years, notably in the field of research, development of standards and industry engagement. Their development was facilitated by the EDA, in close coordination with Member States. The MAAP is a living document, to be updated every year, to ensure and manage the effective implementation of the MAS according to its implementation plan and to monitor the progress of activities.
SES Experts Communities
In support of the EDA’s role as Military Facilitator, a number of existing expert communities in all areas of interest to the military community in the context of Single European Sky have been created. In addition to representatives from the appropriate international agencies and organisations, the members of these SES Expert Communities are selected by States on the basis of their knowledge and expertise in a given area. These groups of experts cover all SES matters, as for example RPAS Air traffic insertion and Performance-based Navigation.
- Air Traffic Management – Communication, Navigation, Surveillance (ATM CNS)
The military requirements need to be taken into account in the civil rulemaking activities at the Single European Sky strategic and management level, in particular on important topics such as the evolutions of the SES. At technical level, military involvement in working groups in the context of the new EASA rulemaking procedure must be coordinated amongst military.
Military requirements need to be taken into account by the SESAR Project, from Definition through Research to Deployment. Military stakeholders are therefore to be appropriately engaged with SESAR Joint Undertaking and SESAR Deployment Manager. Links to EDA`s CapTechs and projects are continuously assessed.
- RPAS Air Traffic Insertion (RPAS ATI)
The military requirements need to be integrated into the development of a dual use RPAS ATI roadmap, specifically to facilitate the insertion of certified RPAS in non-segregated European airspace. In addition, military requirements need to be integrated in the ongoing works with regards to the implementation of the U-Space. For more information on this topic, please consult EDA’s work in the field of RPAS.
The civil aviation sector and the military Air domain are facing increasing threats from cyberspace. New entrants to the airspace and emerging technologies not only help to modernise the aviation system but also require a shift in the approach towards improving its cyber resilience. EDA's ambition is to support the Member States in their efforts of achieving an acceptable level of cyber risk, preserving confidentiality of critical information and improving resilience