By promoting dual-use research, EDA intends to identify those areas of research with strong civil-military synergies. There are numerous examples where defence research has led to spin-offs for the civilian world, but equally so can technologies developed by funding schemes from civilian research programmes bring benefits to cutting-edge defence systems. A large number of technologies are generic, i.e not specific to a certain application. Consequently, they are dual-use in nature. Research for new materials, nano-electronics, IT, photonics and automation are just a few examples where the research results can be used for multiple applications. EDA works with the European Commission to identify the areas of mutual benefit, coordinate the research work and develop activities to promote the synergies.