Effective Procurement Methods

Aug 16, 2012

Start Date: 2009
End Date: n/a.
Participating Countries:
Other partners:

Based on EDA’s enhanced mandate after the Lisbon Treaty and in line with the current Pooling & Sharing initiatives, Effective Procurement Methods (EPM) aims at developing innovative ways to consolidate the demand side of the European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM) and indeed to identify existing common demand.

Project goals

  • Develop innovative ways to consolidate the demand side of the European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM) and indeed to identify existing common demand.

Detailed description of the project 

Off-the-shelf purchases have been identified as a promising area to achieve this consolidation. In this field, savings for the Member States are expected to be more visible as fewer variants result in a more streamlined production for industry and higher economies of scale.

Off-the-shelf purchases, with little to no development, ensure a higher level of harmonisation. Over time, a more frequent use of common procurement methods will lead to more nations employing the same equipment and will therefore increase their interoperability.

Moreover, collaborative procurement may increase cross-border competition which again is a key EDEM feature. The EPM initiative is therefore a true contribution to creating a competitive, transparent and open European Defence Equipment Market and as a means to implement the Defence and Security Procurement Directive (2009/81/EC).

In practical terms, the EPM initiative comprises both a methodology to identify common demand and the setting-up of cooperation between participating Member States willing to pool their demand and the related contracting.

Once common demand of a group of the Member State has been identified, the Agency acts as a facilitator to find the best way to translate such common demand into joint procurement, be it through a lead nation, an international body or through the EDA.


The EPM concept is being further developed on the basis of pilot cases. The first ones are in the area of logistic services for EU Battle Groups and training. Both of these pilot cases could be successfully implemented in less than six months from the kick-off to the signature of the purchase contracts.

Based on the lessons learned from these pilot cases the EDA will refine the EPM concept and work on further practical cases, having particular emphasis on lead nation solutions and on possibilities to further facilitate the identification of common demand.

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Participating Member States

  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech
  • Germany
  • Estonia
  • Ireland
  • Greece
  • Spain
  • France
  • Croatia
  • Italy
  • Cyprus
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Hungary
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Austria
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Slovakia
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • UK