Compared to Category B, Category A Ad Hoc activities usually take the form of Programmes involving a large number of EDA participating Member States. Funding is provided by contributing Members on a voluntary basis, and typically amounts to over EUR 10 million per Programme. There is usually one Programme Arrangement covering several individual Projects, implemented through separate EDA contracts.
Examples of Category A Programmes are:
- The Joint Investment Programme on Force Protection. Contracts were awarded to multinational industrial consortiums upon competition following calls for proposals on R&T goals determined by Member States. The results are shared among all contributing Members.
- The Unmanned Maritime Systems Programme. Each contributing Member identified to which UMS Projects they will contribute. All contracts are negotiated on an ad-hoc basis.
Further information is available on the Category A R&T Programmes page of the EDA website.